Updated: Nov 9
The issue here is distraction, and to deal with that you will develop focus. The old-school name for this practice is Shamatha. Concentration = Relaxation. This relaxed-concentration is the tool you will use to accomplish the rest of the practice (taming your monkey/thinking, mammal/reacting, and getting deep insight into your nature).
The Buddha is said to have identified two paramount mental qualities that arise from wholesome meditative practice:
-- Shamatha, calm abiding, which steadies, composes, unifies and concentrates the mind. This is our focus practice.
-- Vipashyana, insight, which enables one to see, explore and discern "formations" (conditioned phenomena based on the five aggregates). This is our body sensation practice.
Shamatha is also described as: "Just a one-pointedness of mind on a meditative object. Whatever the object may be . . . if the mind can remain upon its object one-pointedly, spontaneously and without effort, and for as long a period of time as the meditator likes, it is approaching the attainment of meditative stabilization (shamatha).
The ways these two aspects of meditation are practised is that one begins with the practice of shamatha; on the basis of that, it becomes possible to practice vipashyana. Through one's practice of vipashyana being based on and carried on in the midst of shamatha, one eventually ends up practicing a unification of shamatha and vipashyana. The unification leads to a very clear and direct experience of the nature of all things. This brings one very close to what is called the absolute truth.